Sunday, July 16, 2017

IS TEXTING HURTING YOUR RELATIONSHIPS AND IS IT A TOXIC KILLER OF SOCIETAL HEALTH?

(The following article was written by Richard Rossi after surveying his thousands of friends from social media, and doing extensive research. Richard is indebted to his friends and relationship experts for their thoughts which are woven into this article on texting)
Is texting a harmless habit that helps us stay in touch?  Or is it a killer of real relationships and communication? By real relationships, I mean relationships that are communicative in the full range of paralanguage, or in other words, good, quality, caring, communicative, relationships. (Marteney,  Arguing Using Critical Thinking).

Excessive texting diminishes relationships by retarding language, therefore, we should use texting for minimal information.
Let's look at the decline of communication because of texting, examine the origins of texting, the negative effects, then the research and findings of experts, and lastly, state and refute opposing pro-texting arguments.

Texting has hurt communication and relationships by limiting us to short messages of 160 characters (Pine, SMS Character Limit). Now we have people who talk like cavemen in a few words and literate expression has been replaced with acronyms like lol, omg, etc...These preset emojis and acronyms discouragement personal uniqueness, creativity, and originality. The communication is not only shortened and truncated, but is often misinterpreted. Most experience another person getting upset with them over a text message that they took the wrong way. (Sheikh, Communication and Miscommunication)

When you text, you lose so much in translation, largely because there's no tone of voice, an important component, according to the text Arguing Using Critical Thinking. Then you wonder, "Were they kidding? Were they mad, Were they being rude?"  A big cover-all to potential misunderstandings is the ubiquitous "LOL", but that doesn't make the communication more eloquent. People should really just T-A-L-K if they want to communicate anything meaningful other than addresses, dates and times. (Russell, Stop Texting So Much)

Without facial expressions or vocal intonations, emotion and intent can be grossly misread by the recipient.  Technology has done a lot of good for us in making communication easier and instantaneous. But it has also spoiled a good lot of us.

Texting is one-dimensional. You can't hear the tone, you can't look into the eyes or see the body language and you certainly can't see the love.  Relationship experts refer to this as "paralanguage."  

"The exchange of messages through non-linguistic means, including: kinesics (body language), facial expressions, eye contact, clothing and physical appearance, tactile communication, space, and territory, culture and social system, paralanguage (tone, pitch, rate, inflection), and the use of silence and time."(Marteney, pg. 31)  Paralanguage is crucial to real, good, quality, caring relationships. Communication therefore has de-evolved.

Paralanguage is even evident in a handwritten letter that has nonverbal elements such as the handwriting style. In texting, paralanguage, an important aspect of communication is nonexistent. An emoticon, such as a smiley face, could arguably be paralanguage in a crude symbolic form, like caveman drawings, but this underscores our point about the de-evolving of societal communication through texting.

Our society has made great strides in evolving in many ways, however, to de-evolve and go backwards in communication, essential to our species, is of paramount concern.

Now that we see the effect of no paralanguage let’s look at how communication de-evolved and the origin of texting.

Wireless communication began as TDD (Telecommunication Device for Deaf), a way for deaf people to communicate. (Commonwealth of Virginia. Text to 911 Information Guide) Over half a million Californians are using phones for deaf and disabled. (Deaf and Disabled Telecommunications Program, Public Utilities Commission)

Just because texting has its origins in a good intent doesn’t mean its indiscriminate use is healthy. Pain killers when used properly under medical supervision help prepare patients to endure surgery. However, an unethical doctor dispensing opioids beyond what was legal hooks patients and they overdose.

An opposing view is that texting is a new form of communication developed for deaf, yes, but the issue for non-deaf users is not the tool but how it is used. They would argue our claim does not reflect modern day reality. Technology will always change. Adaptation is a wonderful human characteristic.  We are not arguing against technology in its proper place, however our claim is that over-reliance on texting diminishes the quality of communication and relationships if it replaces face-to-face and deeper connection.
Now, we've all seen people in restaurants texting on phones and ignoring the people right in front of them, unaware of being present with their five senses to who is there with them.  In the case of the deaf, it was a godsend.  But like all technology, it has been distorted and now misused.  The rise of cellphones and texting in the last twenty-five years has retarded communication from literate expression to what can be said in less than 160 characters.

If text is replacing verbal conversation with other people, then we need to be aware and get ahold of ourselves before we lose ourselves completely to technology and social media. The lack of vocal, face to face, sincere communication is not conducive to relationships.
Keep texting for basic communication, like location, notes, reminders, but look the person in the eyes, talk to them if you have something important to discuss. Human contact is what we thrive on as a species and texting isn't going to bring us any closer. It only isolates us IF that's what we rely on solely to communicate.

In addition, it has become a serial killer on our roads. Granted, this is a side note, unrelated directly to our thesis. However, the rising death toll of people killed by texting obviously eliminates people from communicative relationships by killing them. Texting while driving leads to 1.6 million crashes each year. One out of every four accidents in the United States is caused by texting and driving. (National Safety Council, Texting and Driving Accident Statistics)
Now that we've covered the retarding of communication and texting dangers, let's look at the effects of the decline of literate writing.  
There has been a decline in eloquent communication such as well written letters or extensive phone or face-to-face conversations due to the negative effects of texting on both communication ability and relationships.  Most students can no longer write cursive. Common Core education no longer includes cursive writing and letter writing. (Heitin, Liana, PBS)

Often, texting does not allow for intent.  The messages are often misinterpreted or read while the listener is doing several things at once.

This multi-tasking while texting leads to less attention, care, work on communicating, and love. Parents sit texting while their children are trying to talk to them. What is this showing our children? That's it's totally okay to ignore the person in the same room as you.

Texting relationships are cheating a whole generation out of real relationships and eloquent communication, according to sociologist Andrea Lawrence, and some millennials are unable to converse on a real date if and when they ever meet face to face. (Lawrence, Are You In a Texting Relationship?)  In part, this is because a real relationship must transition from mystery and sexual chemistry to real conversations about real life, like cohabiting, chores, and bills. (Koman, Stages of Texting in a Relationship)
It could be argued that verbal speech is no different. Word choice is important in both for clarity.  However, tone, volume, vocal intonations, facial expressions, and body language cannot be communicated via text. You can use the same words and have them interpreted completely differently based on these characteristics. 

The devil's advocate defending texting could answer that our concern about intent/seeing the face and body expression, is what emojis are for. You and your texting partner just have to be on the same page about what each means, which happens naturally within a group of peers.  Emojis may help, but a small smiley or Japanese ideogram is no substitute for the vast range of expression in the human face and body. The human face alone has over twenty-one major ranges of expression according to Time magazine. (Park, Time) 

In texting, human laughter is reduced to the acronym "lol."  Acronyms, preset emoji options, limits choices and paralanguage, thus stifling imagination and creativity in communication. The decline in taking cues, verbal and nonverbal is astronomical. The interaction is robbed of the personal uniqueness and care of individual paralanguage. (Martenye)
Now that we've explained the communication and relationship decline, what do doctors and experts say are the psychological effects based on facts?  

Leading psychologists and statistics confirm this case with facts, reasons, statistics, testimony, examples, reasoning, and analogies.  
Texting is growing like a virus.  The number of monthly texts sent increased more than 7,700% over the last decade. Over 560 billion texts are sent every month worldwide.  18.7 billion texts are sent worldwide every day (not including app to app).  WhatsApp and Facebook Messenger combine for more than 60 billion messages sent every day.  4.2 billion+ people text worldwide.  Text messaging is the most used data service in the world. (Statistics from Burke, Text Statistics) Adults spend a total of 23 hours a week texting, sending 67 text messages per day on average in the United States, according to Michael Tardiff. Tardiff cites research at Brigham Young University that heavy texting increases relationship dissatisfaction. (Tardiff, The Effects of Texting On Relationships)

Counselor Kimberly Keys addresses the alarming tendency of some in dating relationships confining interactions to texts in Psychology Today. She advises "Don’t rely on texting as your main communication vehicle in your relationship. Let it augment and support your relationship, but don’t let it be the main form." (Keys, Psychology Today)  

Psychology Today also reports a decline in people showing up for in-person meetings because they think they can cancel at the last minute by text.  Before texting, people made the vast majority of their in-person meeting commitments.  That number has dropped to 50%. This has been referred to by helping professionals as "Last Minute-itis, the behavior plague of our time." (Colier)

The extreme texters, (those who communicate almost exclusively by texting), justify bailing at the last minute because they don’t look at an in-person meeting as confirmed, according to Psychology Today, unless it is confirmed by several last minute texts. And they assume everyone is like them, and has a cellphone on and will receive their last minute cancellation text.

People break up over text, and break life changing news over text too, and if that's the new form of communication, I fear for our future. Perhaps there are situations where not breaking up in person is advisable, such as an abusive relationship, but this is the exception. “Now entire relationships begin, and end, via text. This is not only unhealthy, but abnormal,” relationship expert Nicole Russell states. (Russell, Stop Texting So Much) 

A growing number of cellphone users use text to communicate to each other in the same house, the same room, the same table; they look down at their phones instead of at each other. Nearly half of all British families text each other while in the same house rather than speaking face-to-face, according to research conducted by Aviva insurance. (Crouch, UK Sun)

Some argue in opposition that texting increases connection. The argument is: "It's actually enhanced the ways we communicate. I talk to more people now than I ever did on the phone, or face to face (other than when I hung out with people or was at a party)."  Technology does create quick communication and quantity, but again our argument is not against quantity, but quality.  We cannot help but eavesdrop on the loud cellphone talkers or see people texting and it is often shallow communication about where someone is located. "I'm at the bank, now where are you?"

Now that we've seen the data supporting the harm of texting, what are the arguments for technology?

The opposing view that texting advances communication is easily refuted as untrue, illogical, self-contradictory, and uses faulty analogies.

One of the first opposing viewpoints is that younger relatives would never communicate with some parent or adults if texting isn't utilized.

The argument is "I'd rather have that small bit of relationship with them than none at all." We do not disagree that technology does facilitate easier contact in some long distance situations and with younger generations using texting almost exclusively.  Our argument is that excessive texting is robbing people of face-to-face healthier communication and relationships.

A second opposing view is an ad hominem attack that to resist texting as communication is being a "Luddite," (one who resists technology), an "old fart," without the sense to fully understand that technology moves forward and has many uses. It argues that we are resisting texting because it is new.  

This approach employs straw men arguments like "Back in the year 1239 some old fart complained that no one can see your face with a letter that was written."  The argument is invalid because it resorts to an ad hominem attack that a person who agrees with our thesis statement sounds "old." Does being older negate the point, even if its true? Also, it equates writing a letter, which in a bygone age was a very literate communication, with someone texting LOL, SMH, OMG limited to 160 characters. This invalid inference is comparing apples to oranges.

This argument also relies on what our text calls the “Bandwagon Fallacy” because it argues that texting is popular, and therefore it is good. “The name ‘bandwagon fallacy” comes from the phrase ‘jump on the bandwagon’ or ‘climb on the bandwagon,’ a bandwagon being a wagon big enough to hold a band of musicians. In past political campaigns, candidates would ride a bandwagon through town, and people would show support for the candidate by climbing aboard the wagon. The phrase has come to refer to joining a cause because of its popularity. For example, one could claim that smoking is a healthy pastime, since millions of people do it. However, knowing the dangers of smoking, we instead say that smoking is not a healthy pastime despite the fact that millions do it.” (Marteney, 206)
This argument presupposes that texting is good and should be embraced because it is a trend.  However, not all trends are good, like global warming.  Global warming or pollution may be a trend, but some trends are hazardous to our species and should be curtailed.  To say this is the new form of communication as if it's a good thing as a whole is denying an emerging problem. We can't ignore that it's affecting a lot of people in a negative way that goes beyond just limiting communication to blocks of texts, acronyms and emojis.

Things like that are convenient, yes, but it's removing the necessity for the human aspect and people are forgetting how to engage in real life. It's happening all around us and it's getting worse. We need to be aware of the pros, but also the cons of texting and frankly need to wean off of what isn't necessary. I think most of us can safely say that our lives aren't improved in a meaningful way by snapchat, or a block of text. Our happiest memories with a person aren't spent in a chat window; it's with them, experiencing something face to face. Recent studies confirm face-to-face still trumps texts for social closeness. (Salamon, U.S. News & World Report)

Health Day reporter Maureen Salamon confirms our claim through extensive research. “While technology use among young people offers some social advantages, face-to-face interaction does a better job of conveying emotional support and helping to read unspoken cues, new research contends.” (Salamon)

Texting is a privilege that can be misused. For example, we earn our licenses and the privilege to drive, but people constantly show through reckless driving and carelessness that maybe it's not the best for the greater good for a certain demographic of people to even have the privilege, those who abuse their privilege. The masses abuse the technology that allows them to instantly communicate to other people, without having to see them, without having to leave their house, without having to respond to their body language, let alone respond at all.

A third opposing view is to make texting amoral. Dysfunctional people and their dysfunctional communication are dysfunctional without technology, is the claim. And then they are dysfunctional with it.  People are the problem, not technology, in other words.  A similar argument is used by pro-gun advocates that say “Guns don't kill, people kill.”  There is a kernel of truth in this view because a disorganized person who can't get back to callers in the old days probably will be the type of person who has a cellphone no one can leave a message on because it is full.  However, texting not only empowers the dysfunction of people, by encouraging dysfunction and making it easier, it enables those with a fear of intimacy to hide behind a text wall, to resist deeper communication.  It has desensitized a generation to the need for actual human contact, according to Psychology Today (Colier, Key).

Many emotionally stunted men avoid intimacy now by only texting women they date. “The problem with texting is it allows intimacy-phobic people to fool themselves into thinking they’re trying to develop or maintain an intimate relationship. So what do you do if you’re dating a guy whose main way of connecting with you is by texting? Don’t answer him, except to tell him you’d like to talk when he has a chance,” counselor Carol Chanel said, reflecting on the damage texting does to her clients romantic relationships. (Chanel, “Is He Avoiding Intimacy?”)

If a guy isn't man enough to pick up the phone and have a real conversation, why even date him? It cannot replace the romance of talking hours on the phone.  An arrested adolescent hiding behind a text wall cannot have a real relationship on an adult level. Dr. Jed Diamond says "In the area of dating, mating, sex, and love, too much texting and too little direct contact can undermine our deepest desires." (Diamond, 7 Reasons Calling is Better Than Texting)

A fourth opposing view is that texting aids the socially retarded.  For the shy and/or serious introverts among us, things like email, texting, online messaging are like a godsend, it could be argued. For those who wish to, but lack social skills to connect face-to-face, and are limited in emotional intelligence, let them text.  But why contribute and aid the retarding of communication?  Why empower social dysfunction?
Texting diminishes relationships by retarding language, therefore, we should use texting for minimal information.

Texting has hurt communication and relationships by limiting us to short messages of 160 characters. Wireless communication began as TDD (Telecommunication Device for Deaf), a way for deaf people to communicate. Now, people text and ignore the people right in front of them.  In the case of the deaf, it was a godsend.  But like all technology, it has been distorted and now misused.  There has been a decline in eloquent communication due to the negative effects of texting on both communication ability and relationships. Leading psychologists and statistics confirm this case with facts, reasons, statistics, testimony, examples, reasoning, and analogies. The opposing view that texting advances communication is easily refuted as untrue, illogical, self-contradictory, and uses faulty analogies Texting is not merely a harmless habit that helps us stay in touch. It is a killer of real relationships and communication.
In summary, we saw the decline of communication because of texting, examined the origins of texting, the negative effects, the research and findings of experts, and stated and refuted opposing pro-texting arguments.

We can still wake up as long as we can realize that texting can and will not replace real, human conversation and experience (which I'm arguing is already attempting to replace that for a LOT of people). Also, these bad habits are contagious the more they become the commonplace, and the more people who use text to replace important conversation, the more likely others will succumb to that mode.    


Works Cited:

Burke, Kenneth. Texting Statistics That Answer All Your Questions. May, 2017

Chanel, Carol. Is He Avoiding Intimacy? September, 2016

Colier, Rev. Nancy.  Last Minute Itis: The Behavior Plague of Our Time. Psychology Today, November, 2017

Commonwealth of Virginia. Text to 911 Information Guide. 2017

Crouch, Hannah. SIGN OF THE TIMES Nearly half of all British families text each other while in the same house rather than speaking face-to-face. The Sun. February 17, 2017

Deaf and Disabled Telecommunications Program, California Public Utilities Commission

Diamond, Dr. Jed. 7 Reasons Calling is Better Than Texting in Relationships. August, 2016

Heitin, Liana Why don't common-core standards include cursive writing? PBS October, 2016

Key, Kimberly. The 7 Rules for Texting in Relationships. March, 2016

Koman, Tess. 13 Stages of Texting in a Relationship. March, 2016

Lawrence, Andrea. Are You in a Texting Relationship? November, 2016

Marteney, Jim.  Arguing Using Critical Thinking.  2017

National Safety Council. Texting and Driving Accident Statistics, 2017

Park, Alice. Human Emotions Shown in 21 Different Facial Expressions, Time. March, 2017

Pine, Justin. SMS Character Limit. June, 2017

Russell, Nicole. Stop Texting Men So Much. February, 2016

Salamon, Maureen. Face-to-Face Still Trumps Texts for Social Closeness, Studies Find. U.S. News & World Report. January 29, 2016

Sheikh, Saadia. Communication and Miscommunication: Text Messaging. June, 2017

Tardiff, Michael S. The Effects of Texting On Relationships. June, 2016












Sunday, July 09, 2017

HOW TO DETECT FACEBOOK B.S., FAKE NEWS, ETC.. AKA CRITICAL THINKING 101:

We have gone from the Information Age to the Misinformation Age. Thanks to the Internet and social media, anyone can post a story or claim without being vetted. I am amazed at how many people I know believe stories that are false and then spread them on social media. I thought I'd share a few basic principles of critical thinking that will help tune up our B.S. detectors. Here are a couple critical thinking questions: What is the evidence for this claim? If someone is telling you, ask how do they know? If it is an author, ask how do they know? Also, if the site is selling something or is an extremist partisan site, be very careful and skeptical. Those on the extremist right posted a story that Hillary was running a pedophile ring out of a pizza shop. Some of my Religious Right friends spread it like it was gospel. A crackpot believed it and went to the pizza shop with a gun. On the other side of the aisle, my left wing friends spread a supposed interview with Donald Trump in which he told People magazine he would run for president as a Republican because Republicans are so stupid they believe anything. It went viral, even though the interview never took place with People. Google the story and quotes and see if it is existent in other credible media sources, or exclusive to the propagandist site. Be honest about your own confirmation bias. In other words, if you are Republican, your tendency to believe a false story about Obama or Hillary, and if you are Democrat, your tendency to believe a false story about Trump. A biased source can occasionally be correct, but be extra careful to spread gossip without evidence. Also, be aware that anecdotal evidence can be used for anything, in other words, someone sharing an anecdote or story. Put everything through the C.R.A.P. test. CRAP is an acronym for C - Current information, Confirmed by multiple Credible sources, R -relevant, real authority, researched A- Author is credible and qualified, Accuracy, site is credible, Authoritative source, P - Purpose is objective news, not selling products or a partisan agenda like Fox News,or even more extreme Hannity, Limbaugh, Breitbart on the right-wing side. Or does the publication lean more liberal like the Washington Post? Follow these suggestions and fine-tune your Bulls&*t detector.

Monday, June 26, 2017

IMAGINE ALL THE PEOPLE LIVING LIFE IN PEACE

I believe there is something rather than nothing because of my faith that "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." There is a First Cause. The divine intelligence that started the Big Bang or whatever was the first catalyst of the process, the explosion of light. "Let there be light, and there was light!' To believe otherwise is to make hydrogen or some other initial matter eternal.

Genesis, the first book in the Bible for the three major religions tells a story of Adam and Eve falling from innocence, in which they ate of the holistic, non-dualistic "tree of life." They bring death and sin into the world by eating of the forbidden fruit from the tree of judging good and evil. Our world is broken in our binary view judging good vs. evil (good vs. bad, black vs. white, etc...) that causes countries, religions, tribes to believe they are the good group and seeks to eliminate the bad. As John Lennon said "Imagine there's no countries, religions, imagine everyone living life in peace..." If only we can get back to the Tree of Life and quit our splitting, our judging of the "other."

I believe we must be hopeful problems can be fixed or we throw our hands up and become fatalistic and don't work for peace and change. We can't just curse the darkness, we must light a candle and help others. I was indoctrinated in my youth by fundamentalists who said "Don't work towards peace and love, there won't be peace until the Prince of Peace comes back to eliminate all the unbelievers..." This sort of toxic theology increases problems, in both the East and the West.

Only God knows the future, but I see two possibilities. Either the fundamentalist Isis type folks who damn everyone not in their group and are excited to see a bloody Armaggeddon (who exist in all religions, not just Islam, to varying degrees) carry the day and lead us to World War 3, or people of peace and love triumph and work towards a more loving, peaceful world.

Saturday, March 04, 2017

GRIM REAPER

GRIM REAPER came with DEVASTATION. Pete Rossi died. I feel SHOCK splash me, like ice-chilled water. Body shuts down. Disbelief. "This is a joke. A cruel celestial prank. My family's mistaken. They can be histrionic. Another exaggeration." Reality sinks in. Joe described the Body and the Blood. Cops. Medical Examiner. Tumor? Drugs? Investigation? He's 6, riding his Big Wheels in circles. "Watch me big brother." Long hair like a Brady boy, an Osmond brother. We walk Snowball to park on lower side of Frankfort Avenue. Giving him bottle as baby. He's a strong baby. Not a five pound anemic like me. He kicks ass if anyone bothers him at the club where he performs. We're recording albums of my music at Shark Attack Studios. New Wine. Full Circle. He plays flawlessly. He mixes. I bought him a mixing board. "You don't have to pay me back." Mixing evolves, reel to reel, DAT, and digital. We never fought. Sometimes he rages at something. Life. Demons. My calm begets calm in him. Sometimes he felt he failed. I tried to get him to see how many people loved him and his music. Why can't he see that? Club owners. Money stolen on tour in Italy. He cried when I left at 18. Sitting beside me at St. A's church. "Don't leave big brother. Not now. It's too soon." One is taken the other left. Autopsy. Don't cut him. Don't desecrate his temple. It's only his vehicle, like his van it transported him. His spirit, music, memories live on in us. In Heaven there is unconditional loving welcoming arms. It's not him, but I don't want him examined like a purple piece of meat but its the only way to know. His spirit was him but these are the fingers that played his leads, bent the notes, shredded the strings. It must be a nightmare. I'm planning to see him in three weeks. Wake me up, Sherrie. I'll start coffee. NO! All these posts on his memorial wall look too real. He was the youngest, I was the oldest. Wasn't it my turn to go first? "Don't leave little brother. Not now. It's too soon." One is taken the other left.

Monday, February 13, 2017

HAPPY VALENTINE’S: SOMETHING I WROTE ABOUT LOVE

On Valentine’s some are sad if they don’t have someone or if they’re relationship isn’t working. I wrote something about love in my novel “Stick Man” (Available on Amazon) and thought I’d share an excerpt with you for Valentines:

“Falling in love was once a spiritual quest for me. In your arms, I hoped to find God. I think for a brief moment I did. You were my Jesus. And maybe I was yours. I carried my cross. I gave up my life to redeem you. Dying and crying and bleeding and needing you.

I’m reaching for some sort of wholeness now, in which I no longer need something or someone outside myself, to make me happy or complete. I’m a butterfly, breaking out of the cocoon of pain, pruning away the past so I can leave the ground below and soar. I’m crossing over the border of Canaan, from who I was to who I am becoming.

First loves still hang on the walls of my subconscious like photographs.

You. Mom. Dad.

I wish I’d never lost some I’ve loved, but the people I’ve loved who are no longer here are still always with me. But now, sometimes when I’m alone, I’m aware of a love that preceded all of these. A first love from deep deep down inside, a love that brought me into being, a love within me that is unconditional and reflected back to me in other people. I’m learning to know the still, small voice. I knew a preacher in the past who created an abusive god in his own image. The inner guidance he taught me to be suspicious of, I’m now learning to trust.

That Reverend is probably praying on his knees for me to return to his way of thinking, and come back to home to his church.
I’m coming home. But home isn’t a geographic place.

As I turn out the light, I realize I’m a better pastor to my own soul than he could ever be.

I drift towards slumber, accompanied by the music of the traffic on Laurel Canyon and start my meditation. Maybe I can water my own soul, and the love shed abroad in my heart can heal me from within. This thought feels like a homecoming to me.

As the traffic on Laurel Canyon abates, darkness falls like a theater curtain. I close my eyes and I’m no longer afraid to dream. Of course, I want people to love me, but I don’t need everyone to love me anymore.

I remember dreaming of a half-heart, floating like a kite through a storm. A warm wind blew a matching half-heart to me. Like two pieces of a jig-saw puzzle, we fit together. The promising dream was ruined by a dark hand, clawing the heart to shreds. I knew now, two halves could never make a whole.
For as long as I could remember, a solitary pain, bleak and basic, made me terrified to face being alone. I notice, for the first time, I like being with you, but I also like being by myself. I enjoy the quiet of the apartment in a way I never had before. I listen to the sound of my own breathing and experience the magnificence of my own solitude.

I once tried to fix the world without fixing myself. When I poured out for everyone else, I had nothing left to give back. I had to get filled, too.

In my trapeze leap from guilt to grace, the net below caught me like a faithless flounder when I fell. I landed in a safer womb like the Prodigal Son.

Ta-dah!

Lyrics leap into my mind, so I grab one of the nearby legal pads and scribble them down: “Lose it all/In a great big fall/And there you find/Love was there all the time.”

Monday, December 05, 2016

IS AMERICA A CHRISTIAN NATION? THE STARTLING HISTORICAL FACTS FROM COLONIAL TIMES UNTIL NOW THAT REFUTE A 100% YES OR NO ANSWER

Recently, Donald Trump was elected President, shocking pundits who overlooked the role of faith and evangelical Christians in his rise to power. Over 80% of Evangelicals voted for Trump. Some did so based on alleged prophecies by Pentecostal prophets like Kat Kerr and the late Kim Clement. They see Trump as one God has picked, "the trump of God," as the "prophecies" claim. This brings up a hotly debated question about the role of religion in America, and its intersection with our political life.

Prophets for Trump said in their Facebook group before the election that to even doubt for one second Trump wins by landslide and to sin by watching news reports makes one unworthy to be in the elite Facebook group of "Prophets for Trump." To many Americans, the group was an extreme fringe of Pentecostalism believing themselves to be prophets. But Prophets for Trump is an example of why many in media and polls underestimated Trump in this election. They are part of a religious subculture. They don't watch mainstream media, they consider it satanic. They don't participate in public life much, they are in their evangelical groupings. Trump has many supporters that are below the radar, they are not measured by the larger culture. These type of charismatic Christians are an unseen, silent force that is a part of Trump doing well in the election. They use Isaiah 45 as their key scripture because Trump will be the 45th president.
My wife and I met at Liberty University, a college founded by Jerry Falwell. Falwell created the Moral Majority, and believed America was a Christian nation. Is America a Christian nation? The facts I've discovered will not please Falwellians, nor will they please secularists who want to keep God out of the public square. The facts are fascinating, and defy and dispute the propaganda from militant Falwellian fundamentalists and over on the other extreme, militant atheists ala Richard Dawkins and his ilk.

I'm making a movie about religion in America entitled "Canaan Land" so this question is very timely and interesting for me. Our film just started shooting and already has stirred up some controversy and press. The name "Canaan Land" comes from an old gospel song I like by Mahalia Jackson. The lyrics say "I'm on my way to Canaan Land." For me, the name represents a leap of faith. The biblical journey of faith for the Israelites was to Canaan Land, the Promised Land, a land of milk and honey. Canaan means "new land," or "new life."
My wife, 2 children and I moved 3,000 miles from my hometown of Pittsburgh to her native California. We felt like the Israelites, a mobile family on a journey to a new land. We will show the "Canaan Land" film in theaters than make it available online for download or DVDs.

My religious background and experiences encompass quite a few experiences including Catholicism, meditation, evangelical Christianity, Pentecostalism, and the Recovery movement. My wife and I married in 1984 while students at Falwell's fundamentalist Liberty University. We have two children, a daughter Karis and son Joshua. My daughter is interested in studying religion also. She recently finished a Bachelor's degree in Religion at Azusa Pacific and was accepted to work on a Master's in Religion at Princeton. My definition of religion would be a group or system of thought that attempts to provide answers to the big questions about God, the nature of man, worship, prayer, life after death, suffering, sin, healing, etc... and also provides a community for those involved to fellowship and support each other. I hasten to say that religion sometimes does the opposite of support. In fact, I've been abused and damaged in religious settings, and have went through a process of recovery for that.

My youthful background witnessing watershed moments in merging religion and politics when we were in Falwell's circles, enable me to know from the inside just how Christian America is. Many religions and cultures put the best foot forward and show a public face, but it takes time to understand the inside practices.

For example, Scientologists market to the public their ability to help them be more successful, like famous church members Tom Cruise and John Travolta. They don't tell you the strange internal doctrines about alien thetans planting us on Earth a long time ago.
Religion, like someone on a first date, doesn't show you all the issues until you get to know them in a deeper way. I'd like to share with you the true history of Christian religion in America, an inside view as one who has preached in churches of many denominations and know personally quite a few of the well-known players.
THE 1600'S: PILGRIMS, PURITANS, AND INDIANS
Fundamentalists argue that America is a Christian nation based on our origins. Let's look at the early missionaries in America and how they treated Native Americans. The European culture had binary thinking at it's roots, or a division between the Christians and the "heathens" who were on their way to Hell in their view. The Native Americans had a more holistic view of the Great Spirit and connection to nature. Missionaries from Europe, both Catholic and Protestant, established missions throughout California, as well as other areas, but at the price of negating and decimating the Native Americans and their culture. The fundamentalist Puritan Christian worldview sometimes sees other religions as pagan or demonic. The European missionaries were the most fanatical. They wanted to eliminate all Native American culture, rather than allow the natives to enjoy Christianity AND their Native American heritage.

When I was a kid I was drawn to a Native American community and my Mom took pictures of me and my "Indian friends." But now as an adult, I'm thinking about it on a deeper level. Learning more about how Native Americans were treated by missionaries is upsetting to me. I wish theology didn't so often damn the "other."

The Puritans had a practice of days of thanksgiving to God before their epic journey. And I think a holiday to officially give thanks is good for everyone. Abraham Lincoln made Thanksgiving official, after it being a longstanding practice. Gratitude is a powerful force.

The Puritans and Pilgrims initially had courage or faith expressed in their risk-taking to journey to the New World which is a part of our history. After Samoset and Squanto helped them survive they had fifty years of relative peace co-existing with Indians. They saved the pilgrims lives and until these initial peacemakers on both sides died there was sharing and reciprocity. Ironically, the Indians were more Christlike than the missionaries seeking to convert them. However, the Puritans harsh view of God and resulting prejudices ultimately created a community of judgement as expressed in historical crusades of hate like the Salem Witch Trials and their actions against Native Americans. Literature records their spirit being anything but Christlike and loving, such as the novel The Scarlett Letter.

Looking at the myths of our country's origins recently has been unsettling to me. The Puritans had a theology of "manifest destiny," (that God was on the side of Puritans and early American settlers to take the land as a divine right). This thinking was drawn from the Bible when the Israelites in the Old Testament say God told them to take the neighboring Canaan Land and in some cases wipe out the inhabitants. The Puritans used this biblical metaphor, putting themselves in the role of the Chosen People with a God-given right to "possess the land" even though the Native Americans were here. It's very convenient for any individual or nation to take what they want from others under a divine imprimatur. The U.S., like all nations, used metaphysical justification for their sense of being a special people. John Winthrop, a Puritan preacher sermonized on Matthew 5, that they were the city on a hill.
The sermons preached justified taking the Indian's land and women. This was based on this whole idea which is dangerous territory when one appeals to the Old Testament because of passages in which Israel was told it was okay to wipe out whole towns and take their possessions and wives. Yet, if God created the earth and the people therein, then what gives any group or person the divine right to take the land, wives, and possessions of another? Bob Dylan wrote a song "With God On Our Side" that critiques the mindset of using God to justify war and genocide.

I want to give you the balance of both sides, the good, the bad, and the ugly. In mentioning the transgressions of missionaries who decimated Native American culture, I must also mention the reciprocal horrors of what Native Americans did, such as the grisly scalping and slaughter of Anne Hutchinson and her family after they moved to Rhode Island. Anne Hutchinson had the courage to stand up against ungodliness among both the Puritans and the Native Americans. She was a Joan of Arc type figure, a courageous Puritan woman who dared to believe God spoke directly to her in defiance of the corrupt male clergymen. Hutchinson was a strong woman, a woman ahead of her time who challenged religious authorities. She was banished by the Puritan pastors before the Indians slaughtered her and her family, but she influenced hundred in the early colonies through her Bible studies which laid the groundwork for future revivals led by George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards.
THE FIRST GREAT AWAKENINGS OF THE 1700'S
George Whitefield reaped the spiritual seeds sown by Anne Hutchinson as he crisscrossed the colonies preaching the need for a new birth. Jonathan Edwards was another figure in this revival, which historians call the First Great Awakening. Edwards was an early president of Princeton, where my daughter Karis is doing a Master's degree in Theology. The impact of Edwards "Sinners In the Hands of an Angry God" sermon cannot be overstated. The sermon was a hallmark of a literary sermon, but also it perpetuated a horrific concept of God who detests humans as loathsome insects He dangles over the flames of Hell. Our Founding Fathers supported these early fundamentalists as best they could, but did not agree with their religion. Most of them, (Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, etc...) preferred the use of their rational minds to fundamentalism and embraced Deism, which was the religion of many of our Founding Fathers. Deism was an attempt to harmonize science and religion. Thomas Jefferson even wrote his own Bible with the teaching of Jesus, but taking out the miracles.
DEISM
Since Deism was the religion of several key Founding Fathers, influencing Thomas Jefferson's Bible, and motivating him to remove all miracles, we must ask what Enlightenment ideals led to his a priori dismissal of the supernatural outright. Also, Thomas Paine's Age of Reason, is an important text. Another question in the American story was why did Deism appeal to John Quincy Adams, Ethan Allen, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Thomas Paine, and George Washington? Currently, Evangelicals make a lot of political hay out of the claim America's Founding Fathers were Christian by their definition, when in fact, the Deism of these men was a far cry from fundamentalism. The Deism of the Founding Fathers valued the ethics Jesus taught, but because of rationalism they dismissed the possibility of divine intervention directly. God may have wound up the clock but now it runs by natural laws, according to them.

In addition to Deism, the Founding Fathers wanted to protect any and all religion. Jefferson even wrote a letter to defend a Baptist pastor who was fined by Anglicans in power. Jefferson's phrase "separation of church and state" comes from this letter. Jefferson defends the pastor's right to his religion, even though Jefferson doesn't share the beliefs of the Baptist pastor.

This alters the "America as Christian nation" story, and also is timely for today's society and the political challenges faced in America by it's growing religious diversity. What is at stake in this question is to what degree are multiple religions and cultures tolerated? How do we respect, for example, moderate Muslims, while confronting extremist terrorists? Are we going too far when Christmas displays and songs referencing Christ are banned in some public places, even though such practices have been a longstanding practice in our country? What are the boundaries when religion becomes harmful or discriminatory towards others? During the Republican primaries, Charisma magazine, a Christian publication, said Ted Cruz was a Messianic figure sent to save America as Ezra saved the Jews in the Old Testament. We still have those who try to anoint their preferred politician in religious terms.

This isn't just dry history but effects you and me. I, too, value critical thinking and reason, and I am a person of faith. I'm grateful I have both hats that I can wear, the faith hat, and the critical thinking hat.

THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENINGS OF THE 1800'S
As America progressed into the 1800's, some important revivalists in the Second Great Awakenings were evangelists Charles Finney and D. L. Moody. A mainline pastor of influence was James Finley, a Presbyterian minister. He was part of starting a Presbyterian seminary in my hometown of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania that ordained Fred Rogers (Mister Rogers).

ASSIMILATION OF IMMIGRANTS
During the 1800's, Rabbi Isaac Wise was a very pragmatic and adaptable religious leader in realizing Jewish immigrants were no longer following the letter of the law. He was a catalyst in creating a more lax and liberal Judaism, now known as Reformed. This allowed Jewish immigrants to assimilate into America better. His famous dinner to celebrate ordination of rabbinical students broke kosher laws and set off a firestorm.
Catholicism as well adapted to America, fighting the Puritan prejudice against Catholics and creating the parochial school system to educate the children of Catholic youth. Catholic parishes often maintained a homogenous congregation preserving their ethnic identity and saying the Mass in their own language. I grew up in Pittsburgh, PA. and the city is largely Catholic but with distinctive neighborhood parishes of varying European ethnicities. In my hometown, there are still parishes that have Mass in their languages of Polish, Italian, etc..

THE BIBLE BATTLE OVER SLAVERY
To set the context of the slavery battle, let's recall even our modern tendency to use the Bible and claims of God speaking to us to justify prejudice and human agenda. During the 1960's, JFK had to deal with Bible literalists in Alabama who tried to prevent an African American student from attending college. They were led by a racist governor (Wallace) and a longstanding Southern tradition of using the scriptures that promote prejudice (such as Ephesians 6 'Slaves obey your masters"). JFK gave a brilliant speech about the verse in 2 Corinthians 3:6 that says "the letter of the law killeth, but the Spirit giveth life." He said that those who go by the letter of the scriptures miss the Spirit of Jesus who wants people set free.
"TRUMP WILL WIN IN A LANDSLIDE..." said a pink-haired woman named Kat Kerr who is part of "End Times Prophets for Trump" and viewed as a last days prophet who has followers who believe dispensational prophecies. She also picked Romney as God's man who would defeat Obama. She also says she goes to Heaven every week where she rides rollercoasters and goes to movies with Jesus at the celestial multi-plex cinemas. She says if you don't agree with her you are going against God's anointed Donald Trump.

The thing that bugs me the most about dispensational "prophets" is they never apologize and own up for the false prophecies. They just adjust the date, explain it away, etc... When Kat Kerr was wrong about Romney winning, she said, "He was God's choice, like God told me he was, but the people didn't listen to God. I'm a revelator, not a prophet." Defenders of her and others when their prophecies are wrong aren't rattled. "The Old Testament verse that states 'If what a prophet prophesies doesn't come to pass, they are a false prophet...' isn't applicable to NT prophets today. We see through a glass darkly, so even if we miss it, that doesn't mean we're false prophets..." they say.

Abe Lincoln faced a similar situation in 1800's. Christians in North and South both claiming God told them their side was the right and winning side. The South buttressed their case with the biblical verses about slavery such as Ephesians 6 "Slaves obey your masters..." Abolitionists said the opposite, that slavery was a sin, a national sin. They demanded condemnation from the pulpit against slavery. Abolitionist Frederick Douglas was converted at a Methodist revival and saw in the scriptures Jesus promise to “set captives free.” Bishop James Osgood Andrew crystallized the issue because he inherited a slave and became a lightning rod for anti-slavery forces. Andrew was forced to resign and the Methodist split into a divided northern and southern church, as would other Protestant denominations, (like the Baptists who split into the pro-slavery Southern Baptists and the anti-slavery American Baptists).

Lincoln leaned towards a more Diest understanding, that God wasn’t personally intervening as a direct controller of man’s affairs. He was exposed to the emotional excesses of revivalism growing up and he valued reason, like Thomas Paine did. His conversion to a more personal faith came through tragedy. The death of his son is a profound moment for Lincoln. The sermon at the funeral impacts him. He writes in his private journal his wrestling with God like Jacob wrestled with an angel. He decides God wants to free the slaves.
LINCOLN AS A TYPE OF CHRIST
What is the theme of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address and of his second Inaugural Address? What is the meaning of his assassination on Good Friday to America in the 1800's? How was his death interpreted on the following Easter Sunday? Lincoln’s death is portrayed as a
sacrificial death of atonement like Christ in pulpits across America. Christ died for the world to free us from our sin. Lincoln died
for his country to free the slaves. The Gettysburg Address echoes this theme, and says the soldier’s blood on the battlefield was also
sacrificial in the struggle. Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address was laced with religious language about doing the will of God and turned into a revival-like call and response sermon as African American listeners called out “bless the Lord” in response to Lincoln's sermonizing.

As I mentioned before, my wife and I met at a fundamentalist school we were both attending years ago in the South. We were shocked to find some people there were very racist and still held to the hermeneutic of using the Bible to defend their prejudice. They had a sophisticated justification from the Bible for their racism.

The great theologian Augustine suggested we look at the Bible more allegorically than literally. This was Abraham Lincoln's dilemma as well, dealing with Southern bible bangers who used the Old and New Testaments slavery verses literally to claim it was a divine institution.
Isis is one of the few groups who do take Old Testament scriptures as literal law, and some horrific passages that speak of executing by stoning people for homosexuality, adultery, etc...

Some try to do mental gymnastics to defend the indefensible. When I lived in the South, some southerners told me slavery wasn't that bad, that their families treated the slaves well. Some defend the Bible's Old Testament stoning of sinners, justification of slavery, etc...but I will not. I believe it reflects a primitive people and their view of God. I'm grateful Jesus and the New Testament call us to love one another and to set the captives free. Jesus took humanity light years forward into a healthier concept of a loving God and of the command to love one another. Yes, these concept of love were in the Old Testament, but buried underneath laws, laws, laws.

Some theologians advance a reasonable view of progressive revelation, that man progresses and evolves through history beyond primitive understandings of God. Jesus had a motif in His Sermon On the Mount in which He quotes the Old Testament but them progresses it to a higher level of a God-concept of God as a loving, merciful Heavenly Father. He says over and over "Ye have heard it said unto you..." (then Jesus quotes a harsh Old Testament passage) "but I say unto you..." (then Jesus gives a more loving view.)

In the New Testament Book of James there is a quote that "mercy triumphs over judgment..." This is the gift of Jesus, that we are to "judge not lest we be judged" as Christ said. When an adulterous woman was brought before Him and the Isis of His day wanted to stone her, Jesus said "Let he who is without sin cast the first stone."

The primary ethic today we must hold to, if we are truly to be not just a Christian nation, but a Christlike nation, is looking through the lens that all people are equal before God. Like Lincoln, those truly Christlike among us will stand for liberation.
SEX AND GOD
Shakers and Quakers, the Oneidan community, Mormons, Jehovah Witnesses, some of these uniquely American utopian communities grew out of our soil, and out of the unique interpretations of biblical prophetic books like Daniel and Revelation. The Mormons felt a mandate to return to the sexual privileges of the Old Testament polygamous patriarchs. They had scriptural precedent, as King Solomon had hundreds of wives and thousands of concubines. The polygamy mentioned in the Bible seemed to produce offspring that were part of the Bible story. For example, even though the giving of Leah as a wife to Jacob was a deception, a trick Laban played on Jacob who thought he was getting Rachel, she is the matriarchal progenitor of the line of Christ.

Others, such as the Shakers lacked the foresight to see rigid celibacy would cause strains of their movement to die out. Then again, with the belief in an imminent return of Christ, many groups didn't believe there would be successive generations.

Others, such as the Azusa Street Pentecostals, transmutated passions into Pentecostal worship that became ecstatic as they were baptized in the Holy Spirit ala Acts 2:4. There is a fine line between eroticism and religion sometimes. Both can be orgasmic and offer transcendent experiences.

Still others, like the Children of God, saw sex as something those in the same community can enjoy with others and use to recruit new people into their cult. Oneida adherents believe in "spiritual marriage," and this concept can be used to propagate free love in the name of religion, as was the case in church sex scandals in which pastors taught they could have sex with many women in his flock, even those married to others, because they had a higher "covenant relationship" or "spiritual marriage."

THE 2OTH CENTURY: FUNDAMENTALISTS, PENTECOSTALS, AND DOOMSDAY THEOLOGIANS
Fundamentalism has its roots in fear. Fear evolutionists are correct. Fear of Hell. Fear of loss of salvation. Darwin and the Theory of Evolution was a major factor in the reaction of fundamentalists in the early twentieth century to craft their landmark papers "The Fundamentals."

Darwin set off a thought bomb by challenging a literal reading of Genesis and postulating the earth wasn’t created presto in six literal days. Charles Briggs, a mainstream Presbyterian pastor, illustrated the religious tensions in Protestantism that arose in the US in response to evolution and the critical scholarship on the Bible. Briggs is an iconic archetype example of a thinking pastor trying to balance scholarship and science with faith, but his efforts to do so resulted in many labeling him a heretic.
SCOPES TRIAL
Christian creationist groups feel like they are playing catch up. During the Scopes Trial in 1925, the issue was whether Darwin should be allowed. The Scopes trial was about a teacher’s write to teach Darwin’s theory in a public school. Clarence Darrow, representing the teacher, was an outspoken critic of fundamentalism. William Jennings Bryan became the mouthpiece for fundamentalism at the Scopes trial and he was also an unsuccessful candidate for president, merging fundamentalism and politics as later figures like Pat Robertson would do. Now, the issue is whether Creationism and/or it's watered down cousin, Intelligent Design, should be taught. Darrow humiliated Bryan on the witness stand, asking him questions about the Bible. What was the outcome of the trial? Though Bryan won, the trial made fundamentalists look like backwards bumpkins as spun by journalist H. L. Mencken and others. Bryan lost some of his credibility and respect and died shortly thereafter.

How did it impact public opinion? The trial caused many Americans to desire to move forward embracing Darwinian science. These tensions still exist and creationist scientists and intelligent design advocates are as vocal as ever. Those who hold to biblical inerrancy in the literal, fundamentalist sense, refuse to accept attempts at harmonizing Darwinian science and the Bible, such as Theistic Evolution (the idea God is still Creator, overseeing the evolutionary process, a view advocated by the Roman Catholic Church). Fundamentalists believe the earth is younger than scientists say, roughly 6,000 to 10,000 years old, created in six literal 24-hour days. Since Creationist science is a view held by many, I don't think it violates separation of church and state to discuss it as one of many views in the public school classroom. To ignore all religion in school is to give a myopic and imbalanced education. Fundamentalists believe evolution leads to moral chaos and eugenics. They think the questioning of the Bible's absolutes leads to moral relativism. Discussion of ethics and morals in education is a valid discussion, exploring how a society forms ethics and how a society can still follow the Golden Rule, if only for the sake of preserving a society.

Since the Scopes Trial fundamentalists created a religious subculture of Christian radio, and later Christian TV and now Christian Facebook groups that reinforce the GroupThink.

PENTECOSTALISM
Pentecostalism burst on to the American scene in the early 1900's, led by an African American preacher William Seymour. Healings, speaking in tongues, prophecies, and tales of a pillar of fire over their humble mission on Azusa Street in Los Angeles. One of those who came out of this movement was a woman who reached Hollywood in the Roaring Twenties, Aimee Semple McPherson.
I made an Academy Award considered short film on fabled female evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson, and also a feature dramatic film on her life. Here are some Youtube links from my movies about her: Aimee Semple McPherson trailer:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SvBovQ6Hczc
Aimee Semple McPherson Scene:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OkIrxSDMWLs

DISPENSATIONALISM
World War I caused believers to adhere to a dispensationalism and belief in the end times. The war created a crisis that had apocalyptic overtones to the faithful. Dispensationalism grew with the publication of the Scofield Bible in 1909, and with recent books like the 1970's "Late Great Planet Earth" and "Left Behind" series. As the Higher Criticism movement out of Germany, and the growing discussion of Darwinism in America as a result of the Scopes Trial threatened a literal interpretation of scripture, the dispensationalists doubled down on literalism. Liberals focused on the needs of people to have a quality of life, feeding the poor, helping the disadvantaged. Fundamentalists became increasingly dire and legalistic. As 2 Corinthians 3:6 says, "The letter of the law killeth, but the Spirit giveth life...

Another significant twentieth century phenomenon was the rise of Doomsday theology, based on dispensationalism. I was working as a summer missionary as a youth volunteer in 80's and one of the directors of mission was pushing a book "88 Reasons the Rapture Will Happen in 88." It sold millions of copies. When it was wrong, the next year the author, Edgar Whisenant, update it, modified the title to "89 Reasons the Rapture Will Occur in 89." Didn't sell as much. Even gullible fundamentalists have their limits. Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me twice, shame on me.

What amazes me is they keep re-prophesying, predicting a new Anti-Christ. They preached it was Obama, then Hillary, and some now say Trump. When their prophecies fail, very few ever admit they were wrong, they just alter the date for the Rapture and the end of the world, or pick a new political figure for the Anti-Christ.

BILLY GRAHAM AND "ONE NATION UNDER GOD"
Christianity, American patriotism, and anti-Communism become linked after WWII. Billy Graham in 1949 conducted a Los Angeles revival, preaching a mixture of evangelical Christianity and anti-communism. Billy Graham rose to fame with his revivals. Graham’s L.A. crusade attracted the support of media magnate William Randolph Hearst. Hearst also was anti-communist and gave the two word order to “Puff Graham.” This was the time of McCarthyism and everyone wanted to make sure they were on the ride side of the Red Scare. Billy Graham's anti-communist evangelistic message connected to Eisenhower and his election as president and later Nixon. Eisenhower was not baptized and overtly religious, but he joined Graham’s crusade and at the young evangelist’s urging, was baptized Presbyterian. Nixon appeared at Graham’s New York crusade, probably for political reasons.
“In God we Trust” become printed on money and the Pledge of Allegiance changed to include the phrase "One Nation Under God." In the religious fervor of the 1940’s and 1950’s, both these changes were adopted by Congress. Prayer in public schools became an explosive issue. The mindset of Graham and leading religious figures was that the nation would be doomed unless God was publicly acknowledged. They didn’t want God “expelled from the classroom,” as fundamentalists refer to it. Two cases, one involving a humanist family, the McCollum’s, and a second involving the Roth family and other Jewish families, felt mandated prayers and Bible reading in public schools was the State forcing a religion they didn’t believe in on their children. Both families were persecuted, vandalized, and even had a pet cat lynched.

JFK
Evangelicals were fearful that Kennedy as a Catholic would take orders from the Pope. Graham and Norman Vincent Peale and other Protestant ministers opposed him privately but played nice to him publicly. How did JFK handle his Catholicism? JFK gave an eloquent speech to a gathering of Protestant clergymen that he submits to the Pope in his church but not in his public life and governs by the Constitution. With Kennedy in the White House, the civil rights movement is boiling over. Kennedy had to deal with white racists in the South preventing a young man from going to college. Birmingham is a significant march to get voting rights for minorities.
REV. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.
The two most powerful preachers of the Twentieth Century were Billy Graham and Martin Luther King Jr. MLK took the pastorate of an American Baptist congregation ostensibly to work on his doctorate and shepherd a flock. He was drafted by a sense of calling to address the bus boycott and other events occurring around him. He put his safety and his family on the line, as threats grew against him. He knew non-violence was critical, because Graham and other figures criticized his activism. He has to be blameless. MLK winning the Nobel Peace Prize gives world attention and the leverage needed to pass the Voting Rights act and LBJ signs historic civil rights legislation. It becomes a modern Exodus story of people once slaves experiencing liberation. Unlike Graham, he doesn't kiss up to power, but tells the President, LBJ, the Vietnam War is immoral. After this, MLK still has access to power but those in power such as J. Edgar Hoover defame him. Robert Kennedy and others act with sensibilities towards the social gospel but both Kennedys and MLK are assassinated. MLK’s influence inspires many ministers to preach not just to save souls, but make a difference here and now.
FALWELLIAN FUNDAMENTALISTS
In the 1970's, when I became a born again Christian as a teenager, fundamentalists were upset about secular humanism and abortion. Jerry Falwell founded the Moral Majority in 1979, organizing conservative religious folks from fundamentalist, evangelical, Catholic, and even Mormons into a political movement to oppose abortion and gay rights. Gays are the people fundamentalists most love to hate. Falwell's Moral Majority was a clear factor in getting Reagan elected and Reagan pandered to them by speaking faith-based language and Pro Life rhetoric. Reagan tapped into their views with his “shining city on the hill” reference in his speeches. Reagan’s use of this phrase hearkened back to early Puritan sermons such as John Winthrop's manifest destiny sermons and also the words of Jesus in Matthew 5.

Their support got Reagan two terms in office, and a third term for Reagan through is VP George Bush Sr. How did the focus change? Eventually, fundamentalists realized their agenda wasn’t really getting done. Abortion remained legal.

James Dobson, a Christian psychologist joined the bandwagon, opposing pornography, and Pat Robertson had a failed presidential bid that morphed into the Christian Coalition, a grassroots conservative group that took over school boards. In 1988, televangelist Pat Robertson had an end times vision of himself in the White House. (A friend of mine quipped, "He later discovered that he had a visitor's pass.") Ralph Reed and Pat Robertson through the Christian Coalition (the aftermath of his campaign) started effecting change, electing Religious Right creationists to local school boards.

Francis Schaeffer was a political influence as the intellectual for fundamentalists, and he and his son, my friend Frank Schaeffer, spoke at our Liberty University chapels. Schaeffer ran a ministry in Switzerland, L’Abri, with his wife Edith. Abortion became the central issue and still is to Evangelicals. Even to this day, it still is. That's why Trump won the Evangelical vote. He said he was Pro Life, and that trumps everything for the Christian Right, even Trump's personal moral issues.

George W. Bush, like his father and Reagan before him didn’t really change things on the two hot button issues Evangelicals vote on, abortion and gay rights.

Some Christians resented the Religious Right mixing the Republican party with Jesus. Jim Wallis is a more liberal Christian who doesn’t like the Religious Right hijacking Christianity. He created a magazine and ministry called Sojourners for the Christian Left. President Obama accepts our religious diversity. He is a Christian from a liberal activist church background. His former pastor, Jeremiah Wright, is a controversial pastor. Trump's election is a backlash against multiculturalism and diversity of faith and culture.
HEALTH AND WEALTH GOSPEL
The prosperity gospel gained adherents in the closing years of the twentieth century. The Social gospel has been a point of demarcation between other-worldly fundamentalists that feel the saving of the soul is paramount and liberal mainline denominations. Liberal Christians feel that following Jesus compels them to assist the disadvantaged, feed the hungry, and minister to the real needs. The Wealth and Prosperity gospel has likewise been a point of contention and controversy as televangelists have taken it to the extreme that God wants everyone wealthy, and if we "sow a seed" and donate to them, we will prosper.

This is the subject of my new film I'm making entitled "Canaan Land." Over 300 scriptures speak of helping poor people. In Matthew 25 Jesus says He will judge the nations by how they fed the hungry. Yet, many current Christians support movements and politicians that slash programs that aid the disadvantaged. Exploitation exists in Hindu and Muslim religions similar to what I've seen in Christianity, every religion has those on the fringe that teach giving money releases the blessing. It is a religious pyramid scheme, and "pyramid" is an apt word because the televangelists who tell the poor to give to them to be blessed live in mansions but the flock stays poor. When my wife and I were at Liberty University, Jerry Falwell used the scriptures to put down the poor. One of his favorite verses was from Thessalonians that says, "If a man would not work, he should not eat."

AMERICA'S FUTURE
So is America a Christian nation? Not in the sense evangelicals claim. Many of our Founding Fathers were Deists, not evangelical Christians.
And those who professed Christianity were far from Christlike in the development of our country. But the secular atheists who want to ban religion from public life and schools are equally misguided. Religion in America is such a part of our history. It is an inadequate education if students aren't exposed to its part in our development. Fear of mentioning the Bible in public schools is going to the other extreme. It is probably the all time bestseller, and in terms of literature, the Bible and Shakespeare are the most influential in the English language. Mentioning the Bible in a non-sectarian way and its influence is part of a well-rounded education.

HOW CHRISTIAN IS AMERICA?
When evangelicals say America is a Christian nation, they make several misrepresentations to do so. First, evangelicals pull selective quotes about God from Founding Fathers, but ignore other quotes that show the Founding Fathers are not Christians in the evangelical sense, but often Deists. Christianity has certainly been a dominant religion, the Bible has been influential, and religion is an important part in shaping our country. Even our patriotic songs like Battle Hymn of the Republic are laced with scriptural references such as "Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord..." Extreme secularists who want to ignore our Biblical and Christian history, as well as extreme fundamentalists who misrepresent us as strictly a fundamentalist Christian nation, both err on opposite extremes of creating a revisionist history to suit their own purposes.
It is essential for America to go forward we rid ourselves of bad theology and learn from the religious errors of the past. How do we do that?
HOW I GET RID OF BAD THEOLOGY: My interpretive key for scripture is Jesus teachings about love. I believe in a progressive revelation, an evolving of man understanding things better and better through time. Therefore, as a society we've made progress away from slavery and some progress on civil rights. Jesus, to me, is at a much higher revelation of who God is and how we are to love each other than many other parts of the Bible. One lens I look through in determining my theological views is the lens of a good father, based on Jesus teaching the "Our Father" prayer. He goes on to say that if a child asks his father for a stone, he wouldn't give him a rock, or if he asks for a piece of fish, he wouldn't give him a snake. He argues that if an imperfect earthly father is kind to his children, and wouldn't harm them, how much more our loving heavenly father. When I run fundamentalist racist teachings through this grid, and ask myself "Would I as the father of two children ever treat my children that way?" and the answer is a resounding "No!!" then I reject that teaching. I am an imperfect father with character defects, yet I feel love and kindness towards both my children.

Fundamentalists limit God and their understanding to the Bible. At the end of the last gospel, John's gospel, it says the Bible doesn't contain everything about Jesus and that the all the libraries of the world could not contain all the incredible things He said and did. "Now there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if every one should be written, I suppose not even the world itself to have space for the books to be written." (John 21:25)

My wife and I have allowed both our children space to question and challenge everything. I think it makes them so much stronger to do so. If we would've separated them like fundamentalist families sometimes do, like those who raised their kids in such a way they could never argue or question the faith, as adults they'd be weaker mentally, psychologically, and spiritually. We are proud of our children and how they have faith without committing intellectual suicide or hiding from the world.

The Epistle of James was written to define what "true religion" is. The biblical letter stresses meeting real needs of the disadvantaged, the widow, the orphan. "Faith without actions is dead," James says. Mere believe in a certain religion does not make a man good or bad according to James. Although salvation is a free gift of grace, (Ephesians 2:8-10), James argues that a man is justified by his works, and not faith alone (James 2:24). Our behaviors are one of the best indicators of what we believe as well as one of the best predictors of future behavior.

There are good and bad people in every religion, according to what they do. There are good Christians like Martin Luther King Jr. and Mother Teresa, and there are those who profess Christianity and do evil, like Hitler. There are Muslims like Muhammad Ali who leave a good legacy, and there are Muslims terrorists like Bin Laden. There are non-religious men who are charitable like Bill Gates, and there are atheists who leave carnage like Stalin. The Apostle John wrote that love is not merely words but evidenced in truth by the deeds of a man. America's future needs those who don't just talk the talk, but walk the walk, and follow the prophet Micah's instruction to "do justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with their God."
Those who follow the letter of the law are some of the most dangerous people in our world today. Fundamentalists exist in all religions and we must rise above them and reassess scriptures in a way that promotes compassion, not condemnation, love not law, healing not hurting, grace not guilt. If more people follow dictates of respect and open-mindedness, this would be a better and more peaceful world. Our future will hopefully move towards the love that all good spiritual leaders teach.

America's national spiritual story is that America is chosen but we have not reached the full actualization of the freedoms and divine destiny yet. The Puritan vision of the US as a providential nation divinely intended to be “a city on the hill” can only happen truly if we keep evolving and working towards a more Christlike loving society.

America's future welfare depends on it.


Monday, November 28, 2016

COMMITMENT

One of my favorite quotes on commitment: “Until one is committed, there is hesitancy, the chance to draw back, always ineffectiveness. Concerning all acts of initiative (and creation), there is one elementary truth, the ignorance of which kills countless ideas and splendid plans: that the moment one definitely commits oneself, then Providence moves too. All sorts of things occur to help one that would never otherwise have occurred. A whole stream of events issues from the decision, raising in one's favour all manner of unforeseen incidents and meetings and material assistance, which no man could have dreamt would have come his way."